Safe Sex

Sex is probably the most taboo topic to talk about in this day and age despite the fact that everyone is engaging in it is some form of the other. What is sad is that with more and more teenagers having sexual intercourse and with sexually transmitted diseases on the rise the need of the hour is open and honest information which is severely lacking. This article looks to clear up some of the ambiguities about heterosexual, vaginal sex and provide the information required to be smart and stay safe when engaging in sex.

Heterosexual, vaginal sex is the most common form of sexual intercourse which takes place between a male and female partner and is the act of the penis penetrating the vagina. This act was intended by nature for procreation of the species and therefore the most common result of unprotected sex is a pregnancy. As a major part of couples having sexual intercourse are not looking to conceive and are in the act for the pleasure it affords, there are ways to prevent an unwanted pregnancy.

Unprotected sex also results in an exchange of fluids between the two partners which can lead to the unfavourable transmission of diseases, the most well known of these being Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome better known as AIDS which is caused by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus or HIV. AIDS is just one of a plethora of viral and bacterial infections that can be spread through sexual intercourse, some of which like AIDS are incurable while some others like syphilis and gonorrhoea can be treated.

How then does one have pleasurable sex without the uncertainty of getting pregnant or contracting a disease?

Here are a few things to consider:

  1. Know your partner; it is always safer to have sex with someone you know well and whose sexual history and medical history you are familiar with
  2. Use protection; Using a condom during sex not only prevents pregnancy but also prevents the spread of Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs). When using a condom make sure to read the instructions carefully and also to check the expiration date. Old or improperly used condoms would not serve the required purpose. Having said that, condoms are the safest and most effective mode of protection.
  3. Female contraception; In cases where a couple is married or have been together for a prolonged period of time, sexual and medical history in known and partners have stayed faithful, then if they wish to avoid using a condom other forms of contraceptive can be considered. Oral contraceptives for women like the “Pill” can be obtained after consultation with one’s gynaecologist. No medication should be taken without medical advice. The doctors at can be approached anonymously for advice on the same
  4. Get help; If after sexual intercourse you do notice symptoms like bleeding, rashes, pain, etc it is always advisable to see a doctor

If couples do want to conceive there are a few things that should be considered:

  1. If the woman is on an oral contraceptive, she should stop taking the pill for at least two to three months before trying to conceive
  2. Both partners should be tested for sexually transmitted diseases and genetic conditions that could be passed on to the baby
  3. The intended mother should find a good obstetrician to consult with and to get her started on an antenatal supplement routine
  4. If a couple is having difficulty conceiving then they should visit an infertility specialist



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